Bhaskar Explaner: The pitch on which the entire test series was made, how is it made? Learn how the nature of the pitch made from the same soil becomes different

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18 hours agoAuthor: Jaidev Singh / Rajkishore Yadav

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In the India-England Test series, there was talk of both teams winning and losing and more pitch than their game. After winning the first Test, the British lost the next three matches on the turning track. England batsmen could not face Indian spinners even in the last Test and they had to face defeat. With the defeat in the second Test, the former English players began to question the pitch. On the other hand, the players of Team India are saying that when we lose in New Zealand or Australia within three days, then there is no talk of the pitch being bad. When the pitch supports pace bowlers, then if the pitch is not bad then why spin spin friendly pitch is said to be bad.

But, how is the pitch made? How does its nature change? And how different is the drop in pitch from the traditional pitch? Let us understand that Shailesh Kumar, the pitch curator of Madhya Pradesh and has done BCCI certification course …

The first thing to talk about is how to prepare the pitch. To make the pitch, the first place is chosen about 100 feet long and 10 feet wide in the middle of the field. The length is always kept in the North-South direction. So that the sun’s rays did not fall into the batsman’s eyes.

After this, a pit about 13 inches deep is dug at the fixed place. Drainage system is first prepared in this pit. For that, a proper slope is prepared and a pipe is inserted to drain the water. This causes the water to drain easily when it rains and the pitch does not deteriorate.

After this, three layers of the pitch are prepared. The first layer is four inches. Core sand (river sand) is used in it. After this, a second layer of 4 inches is inserted. It uses 10% clay powder with 90% sand. This layer is called the Lomi layer. The third and last layer is 5 inches. Soil (red, black or yellow soil) is used in it. This soil is called clay soils.

After coming to the ground level, three inches of extra layering is done. After coming to the level of the ground, first the grass is applied. Then soil with high clay clay is added one inch each. And it is also done with its rolling and watering. In this way every pitch is prepared. This is called the construction part. This is a one-time job.

Water and rolling on the pitch before the match is the most important

Now you will say that when every pitch is constructed in a way, then how does its nature change. So the answer is that it all depends on the preparation part of the pitch. The work done on the pitch before the match is called Preparation Part.

Whenever a match is about to take place. The pitch is prepared according to the match 15 days to a month before that. This preparation is according to the format of the match i.e. Test, ODI, T20.

For example, if the pitch has to be prepared for the test, then work on it starts 15-20 days before the match. The first is rolling on the pitch with the lightest roller after pouring water on the pitch. As the process progresses, the pattern of watering changes. Also, the weight of the roller increases.

After this work is done at the grass level. Cutting is done according to whether the grass is green or not. The nature of the pitch is determined by this. Similarly, the preparation of the pitch is also done in ODIs and T20s. Grass is left on the pitch in these matches with little to no. So that the pitch helps the batsmen.

There is also talk of soil used in the pitch, what about it?

There is also talk about which soil the pitch is made of. In Test matches, a pitch made of black clay is considered to be helpful for fast bowlers and spinners made of red clay. Black soil shrinks when rooted and spreads when water is poured. However, the nature of these two also varies according to the preparation of the pitch and the weather there. Therefore, different pitches made of the same soil have different nature.

A new type of pitch drop in is also being talked about, what about that?

A pitch that is made outside the cricket stadium and is fit to be brought to the stadium at the start of the season. In Australia, this type of pitch has been used in international matches. Indeed, in addition to cricket in Australia, MCG, Adelaide Oval and Perth Stadium also have matches in football, rugby. After the end of the cricket season, the pitch here is taken out and kept in a greenhouse or any other ground.

How does a drop in pitch be made?

Now the matter is how drop in pitch is made. Let us understand this with an example. For example, the pitch of MCG is 24 meters long, 3 meters wide and 20 centimeters deep. Steel is a layer of grass above this pitch of black soil formed in a frame.

When the cricket season starts, the pitch is brought to the ground in a 30-ton customized trailer. It is then fixed between the slabs of cement on the ground. After the season is over, the pitch is removed from the slab by the same machine. Cement slab pits are filled with soil and artificial turf.

Before the fourth Test, former England captain Michael Vaughan made fun of Indian pitches in this way.

Before the fourth Test, former England captain Michael Vaughan made fun of Indian pitches in this way.

The pitchers are saying that the pitch is bad, so what is an ideal pitch?

There is some moisture in the pitch on the first day of the Test match. The pitch supports the fast bowlers. Moisture decreases as the game progresses and it starts supporting the batsmen. From the third session of the second day, the pitch supports the spinners. On the fourth and the fifth day, the pitch is the most difficult for batting. An excellent pitch for the test is considered to be the one on which the result of the test matches.

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