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Current Affairs 10 July: Soumya Swaminathan appointed principal advisor in MoHFW; PM Modi arrives on 2-day Austria visit

Current Affairs 10 July: Soumya Swaminathan appointed principal advisor in MoHFW; PM Modi arrives on 2-day Austria visit


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  • PM Attends India Austria Business Meeting, Dr. Soumya Swaminathan Becomes Principal Advisor In MoHFW For NTEP

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Dr. Soumya Swaminathan became the Principal Advisor in the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. Prime Minister Modi reached Austria on a 2-day visit to Russia. There, Prime Minister Narendra Modi received Russia’s highest civilian honor.

Let us take a look at such important current affairs of today, which are important for students preparing for government jobs…

APPOINTMENT
1. Dr. Soumya Swaminathan becomes Principal Advisor in Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare for NTEP
, Professor Dr. Soumya Swaminathan has been appointed as the Principal Advisor in the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare for the National Tuberculosis Elimination Programme (NTEP). She will provide technical advice on the overall strategy to achieve the goals of this programme.

Dr. Soumya Swaminathan was appointed as the advisor to MoHFW for NTEP on 9 July.

Dr. Soumya Swaminathan was appointed as the advisor to MoHFW for NTEP on 9 July.

  • Dr. Soumya Swaminathan will provide policy guidelines for the National Tuberculosis Elimination Programme.
  • Apart from this, she will suggest measures to improve the activities required for better results and will advise on research related strategies.
  • Dr. Soumya will also assist in forming expert groups with top talent at the global level.
  • Prof. Swaminathan has been the Chief Scientist at the World Health Organisation.
  • Earlier, she has also worked as the Director General of the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR).
  • Dr. Soumya is the daughter of agricultural scientist M.S. Swaminathan, who is considered the father of the Green Revolution in India.
  • This year, the Central Government had decided to honour MS Swaminathan with India’s highest civilian award, Bharat Ratna (posthumously).
  • The Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare of India is Jagat Prakash Nadda.

AWARD
2. Modi received Russia’s highest civilian honor:
Russia on Tuesday, July 9, awarded PM Narendra Modi the country’s highest honor ‘Order of St. Andrew the Apostle’ in Moscow. This honor is given to the best performing civilian or military personnel.

  • Russia’s highest civilian honour, the Order of St Andrew the Apostle, was established around 1699.
  • It was established by Peter the Great, the first emperor of Russia.
  • It was abolished in 1918 following the Russian Revolution.
  • However, it was restarted in 1998 by an executive order of the President of Russia.
  • Earlier, Modi also attended the summit talks with President Putin on the second day of his two-day visit.
  • Prime Minister Modi visited Russia for the first time after the Ukraine war.
  • Earlier he had visited Russia in 2019.
  • Then he had gone to Vladivostok to participate in the 20th India-Russia Annual Summit.
  • Modi and Vladimir Putin last met in 2022 during the SCO Summit in Samarkand, the capital of Uzbekistan.
  • Putin did not come to the G-20 summit held in India in 2023.
  • Russia is a country spanning Eastern Europe and Northern Asia.
  • It is the largest country in the world, spread over 17,125,191 square kilometers.
  • Russia spans eleven time zones and borders sixteen sovereign nations.
  • Moscow, the capital of Russia, is the largest city in Europe. It is followed by St. Petersburg, which is the cultural center of the country.

International
3. Prime Minister Modi reached Austria on a 2-day visit:
Prime Minister Modi reached Vienna, the capital of Austria, late on Tuesday night, 9 July, after a two-day visit to Russia. He was welcomed with a guard of honour at the airport. Today, i.e. on 10 July, there will be a discussion between the two countries about trade.

Prime Minister Modi attended the India-Austria business meeting.

Prime Minister Modi attended the India-Austria business meeting.

  • Modi will also meet Austrian President Alexander Van der Belle.
  • He will also address the Indian community in Vienna.
  • Modi is the first Indian Prime Minister to visit Austria after 41 years.
  • Before this, Indira Gandhi had visited Austria in 1983.
  • Indira Gandhi first visited Austria in 1971 as Prime Minister.
  • After this, the then Austrian Chancellor Bruno Kreisky visited India in 1980.
  • After this, Indira Gandhi once again visited Austria in 1983, following which the then Chancellor of Austria Fred Sinowatz visited India in 1984.
  • Austria is a country located in the southern part of Central Europe.
  • It is a union of nine states and its capital is Vienna.
  • The country is bordered by Germany to the northwest, the Czech Republic to the north, Slovakia to the northeast, Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west.
  • Its area is 83,879 square kilometers and its population is approximately 9 million.
  • Austria has been a member of the United Nations since 1955 and a member of the European Union since 1995.
  • It hosts the OSCE and OPEC and is a founding member of the OECD and Interpol.
  • It signed the Schengen Agreement in 1995 and adopted the euro currency in 1999.

MISCELLANEOUS
4. 16th Finance Commission constituted Advisory Council:
The 16th Finance Commission constituted a 5-member Advisory Council on Tuesday, July 9. The Commission has appointed Dr. Poonam Gupta as the convener of the Advisory Council. Apart from this, DK Srivastava, Neelkanth Mishra, Pranjul Bhandari and Rahul Bajoria have been made members of the Advisory Council.

The 16th Finance Commission was constituted on 31 December 2023.

The 16th Finance Commission was constituted on 31 December 2023.

  • Dr. Poonam Gupta is serving as the Director General of the National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER).
  • The role, functions and objectives of this Council are to seek best national and international solutions on matters relating to fiscal transfers.
  • This will help broaden the scope and understanding of the Commission and improve the quality, reach and enforcement of its recommendations.
  • Apart from this, this committee will help in preparing papers or research studies and will monitor and evaluate the studies being conducted by the Finance Commission.
  • According to the Constitution, the Finance Commission is appointed every five years.
  • The Commission consists of a Chairman and four other members.
  • The Commission makes recommendations to the President of India on how the net proceeds of taxes should be distributed between the Union and the States.
  • The Commission submits its report to the President, who then places it before both Houses of Parliament.
  • The 16th Finance Commission is headed by former Niti Aayog Vice Chairman Arvind Panagariya.

Sports
5. Gautam Gambhir became the head coach of Team India:
Former Indian cricketer Gautam Gambhir has been appointed as the head coach of Team India. BCCI secretary Jay Shah announced Gambhir’s name on Tuesday, 9 July.

The three-member Cricket Advisory Committee of BCCI had interviewed Gautam Gambhir and WV Raman during the T20 World Cup itself.

The three-member Cricket Advisory Committee of BCCI had interviewed Gautam Gambhir and WV Raman during the T20 World Cup itself.

  • Rahul Dravid’s tenure ended after the ICC T20 World Cup and the post was vacant since then.
  • Gambhir will remain India’s coach till 2027.
  • During this period, India will play 5 ICC tournaments and they will face the challenge of making the Indian team the champion.
  • Gambhir Indian had served as a mentor for the Kolkata Knight Riders team in the Indian Premier League 2024.
  • Under his guidance, Kolkata Knight Riders were successful in winning the IPL title this season.
  • This was Kolkata’s third IPL trophy.
  • Gautam Gambhir had earlier made Kolkata Knight Riders champion twice as captain.
  • Gautam Gambhir has experience of playing all three formats of cricket i.e. T20, Test and ODI.
  • As a player, Gambhir was part of India’s T20 World Cup victory in 2007 and the ODI World Cup victory in 2011.
  • In the 2007 T20 World Cup final, Gambhir scored 75 runs off 54 balls against Pakistan.
  • At the same time, in the final of the 2011 World Cup, Gambhir played an innings of 97 runs while chasing 275 runs against Sri Lanka.

TODAY’S HISTORY
History of July 10:
On this day in 1971, folk poet Bhikhari Thakur died. He was born on 18 December 1887 in Saran district of Bihar. Bhikhari Thakur was never afraid to present his views in front of the society. He attacked every evil of the society. His plays were so brilliant that he is called Bhojpuri Shakespeare. He showed the pain of casteism a hundred years ago.

Among the plays of Bhikhari Thakur, the most important ones are Videshiya, Bhai Virodh, Beti Bechwa, Gabbar Ghichor, Kalyug Prem, Radheshyam Bahar, Batohia etc.

Among the plays of Bhikhari Thakur, the most important ones are Videshiya, Bhai Virodh, Beti Bechwa, Gabbar Ghichor, Kalyug Prem, Radheshyam Bahar, Batohia etc.

  • On this day in 1913, Romania declared war on Bulgaria.
  • On this day in 1925, TASS was launched as the official news agency of the Soviet Union.
  • On this day in 1931, Amelia Airhart, the first female aviator, began her flight around the Earth.
  • On this day in 1999 the International Labour Conference began in Geneva.
  • On this day in 2002, the United Nations World Food Conference was held in Rome.
  • On this day in 2006, India’s geosynchronous satellite INSAT-4C was launched from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota.

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