Reforms and good governance of visionary PM of India – Part II


Labor reforms

Historic reforms in labor law empowering workers with 29 labor laws now amalgamated into 4 labor codes ensuring wider protection through wage security, social security, health security ensured for 50 crore workers; legal right for minimum wage to the labor force, women’s consent needed to work night shifts, labor law applicable to all establishments employing over 10 workers, payment of bonus enhanced from Rs. 10000 to Rs. 21000 per month, calculation ceiling from Rs. 3500 to Rs. 7000; complete ban on employment of children below 14 years in any occupation, maternity leave enhanced from 3 months to 6.5 months, gratuity enhanced from Rs. 10 lakhs to Rs. 20 lakhs; 45 lakh benefited by PM Shram yogi mandhan scheme, Rs. 746 crores paid during pandemic under Athmanirbhar bharat rozgar yojana; reforms in ESIC increasing wage from Rs 15000 to Rs 21000 per month, ESI contribution reduced from 6.5% to 4% of wages. Micro insurance and pension schemes, for the unsecured, covers 23 crore under PM Suraksha Bima Yojana at premium of Rs. 1 per day, Atal Pension Yojana provided paritipatory pension after 60 years, with 3 crores enrolled, 36 crore were life insured including accident risk, with pension.

Technology

Technology back-end support is developed by enhancing 16 to 23 IITs, and 13 to 20 IIMs. MUDRA and stand up India scheme offered free working capital loan upto Rs. 10 lakh, disbursed Rs. 15 lakh crores loan from 29 crore applications. Fought Covid with Technology and innovation, with worlds’ largest Covid 19 contact tracing application Arogya setu in identifying, monitoring, mitigating spread. PM eVidya – one nation one digital platform for multi mode access to digital / online education through DIKSHA (Digital infrastructure for knowledge sharing) helped online access to NCERT books, 2685 courses, 8 crore enrolments. Pariksha Pe Charcha, interactive session of PM with students, teachers, parents with participation of 18 lakh students from India and other 70 countries;

National Education Policy

The NEP of 2020, is the flagship programme providing unique capabilities for each student preparing for global demands of 21 st century promoting a curriculum with a creative combination of subjects, multiple entry-exit, growth of multidisciplinary institutions with emphasis on research. Samagra Shiksha Yojana promotes schools to be inclusive with a culture of respect to various cultures, religions, languages, gender identities and human values, with focus on learning outcomes, assessment of quantitative verbal and logical reasoning skills, emphasis on foundational literacy and numeracy. Ensures equitable and quality education from pre school to class 12.

Institutional innovations

PMT recognized the need to remove all bottlenecks which are burden towards reforms, by reviewing every rule and process precluding reforms. Aatmanirbhar Bharat (AB)’s self-reliance with concern for happiness, cooperation and peace for the whole world is not a self -cantered system. A few of the impressive AB achievements identified with potential are as under: 1. Kum Aastha Mehta, 12 yr old developed ‘MediBrace’ easy to wear bracelet storing daily medicine reminding patients their medication time; 2. Kum Jui Keska,r 14 yr old developed glove shaped JTremor-3D device to monitor tremors of Parkinson’s patients based on which medication is given; 3. Kum Manasa Reddy developed low cost home model using sewage pipes, 4. Sri Naveen Mali developed solar powered tractor saving annual fuel cost of Rs. One lakh, 5. Dr Ramesh Ralia invented nano liquid urea (half litre equivalent of 45kgs of granule urea), 6. Dr Priyadarshini Karve’s technology converts agricultural waste to biochar briquettes used in a steam stove which cooks rice for a family using just 100 grams of briquettes; 7. Medi-Robot of Akanksha and Yogesh kumar (daughter and father) for hospital ward surveillance to enable smooth communication between patient and doctor through video conference, 8. Maharashtra’s Yog Panjarale developed a device for His Father to save electricity and water as the motor runs only when needed; 9. Gujraths’ Andhajan Shiksham Mandal built 45 feet climbing wall for blind student sports, 10. Indian Army being using ‘Made in India’ grenades after 74 Years of Independence; 11. Established the highest herbal garden at 11000 feet in Devbhumi 12. eSanjeevani hospital consultations provided 90 Lakh Consultations for patients reducing transaction costs; 13. Bangalore International Airport achieved 100% water positive feat by recharging more than consumption through 315 rainwater recharge pits and drip irrigation; 14. India exported Raja Mircha vegetable from Nagaland to London first time ; 15. Oxygen on wheels sent 289 Oxygen express trains with 1162 loaded tankers transporting 19408 tonnes of oxygen. 86 health facilties set up providing Covid treatment for 7000 covid beds with ventilators with oxygen cylinders. Namami Gange, rejuvenating Ganga and its tributaries with 344 projects at a cost of Rs. 30000 crores is impressive.

Recognition of efforts

Achievements by Divyangs par excellence. Upendra Kumar Yadav with disability in both legs gave free of cost education to 60 village children in Jharkhand.

India earned 20 medals in Paralympics. Sharadkumar one of the Divyang participants mentioned “PM Modi’s support bigger than a Gold medal”.

Government recognized unsung heroes – Ashfaqullah Khan: The revolutionary mastermind behind Kakori Train Action Day; Ex-naval officer CV Prakash cultivating turmeric through hydroponics; Engineer Tarun Jamis innovating carbon-negative bricks from agricultural waste saving construction cost down by 50%. PM Modi in recognition of Retired Army Officer supporting Destitute animals wrote: “Your efforts are an inspiration for the society: In the last almost one and a half years, we have faced unprecedented situations with fortitude. This is a difficult period not only for humans but also for many creatures living in close proximity to humans. It is commendable for you to be sensitive to the needs of destitute animals and to work with full potential at the individual level for their welfare”. By creating an enabling ambiance in sports, in the 2020 Tokyo Olympics India won 7 medals with Neeraj Chopra’s historic gold in javelin throw, beating the tally of six medals at 2012 London Olympics. India-Russia energy partnership initiative is undertaken to bring stability to the global energy market.

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Views expressed above are the author’s own.



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