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PMKVY has two parts – first, to provide short term skill development training and second, to recognize what the unemployed youth have learned earlier.
- Under the short-term training program, 36.04 lakh youth were trained.
- Of these, 18.95 lakhs got employment, out of which 15.83 lakhs got paid salary.
The government has accomplished the goal of making the youth professionally efficient. Skill Development Minister Mahendra Nath Pandey said that 1.07 crore youth were made efficient by January 2021 under Skill India Mission. The government had set a target of training one crore youths between 2016-20 under the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY).
PMKVY has two parts – first, to provide short term skill development training and second, to recognize what the unemployed youth have learned earlier. The minister said in the Rajya Sabha on Friday that 36.04 lakh candidates were trained under the short-term skill development training (STT). Out of this, 18.95 lakh candidates were employed. Of those employed, 2.77 lakhs started their employment (self-employed), 15.83 lakhs got salaries and 0.35 lakhs got jobs as trainees.
PMKVY 3.0 launched, 8 lakh more youths to be trained in this business year
20% of the salary paid to the trainer under the scheme is given to them when the trained candidate is employed. The Minister said that based on the lessons learned from PMKVY 1.0 (2015-16) and 2.0 (2016-20), the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) launched PMKVY 3.0 on 15 January 2021. Under this, 8 lakh more youths will be trained in this business year.
12.35 lakh youth got entrepreneurial training
He said that the National Institute for Entrepreneurship and Small Business Development (NIESBUD) has been running several entrepreneurship development training programs to increase entrepreneurship. Till December, NISEBUD has trained 12.35 lakh youths through 46,690 entrepreneurship development training program.
72.49 lakh youth enrolled in 14,779 ITIs in 5 years
Apart from these short duration training programs, the Directorate General of Training (DGT) of the Ministry is also running long duration courses. These courses are run through the Industrial Training Institutes (ITI), which offers several professional and skill development courses of one year and two years. These courses are connected to many economic sectors. According to the statement of the minister, 14,779 ITIs are currently working and 72.49 lakh youth have been enrolled in them in the last 5 years.